Yellow Witch Hazel flowers in full bloom. The Yellow flowers petals are long and skinny with a red center.Photo by Laura Ockel on Unsplash

Witch-hazel is a magnificent plant. There are several different species that have been cross-pollinated to create a plethora of cultivars, each with subtly unique growth forms and flower color.

  • Big-Leaf Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis ovalis) – Native to North America
  • Ozark Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis vernalis) – Native to North America
  • American/Common Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) – Native to North America
  • Japanese Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis japonica) – Native to Japan
  • Chinese Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis mollis) – Native to China

Growth Form: Shrub/Tree (10-20ft)
Soil Preference: Well-Drained, Loamy, Acidic
Sun Preference: Full to Mostly Full Sun

Red blooming witch hazel shrub in landscape with green cedar shrubs behind itA great way to incorporate witch-hazel into your yard is to plant it in front of dark evergreen trees and shrubs. During the winter, witch-hazel loses its leaves, so the color of the evergreens will show through. When flowering, the solid evergreen background really makes witch-hazel’s colorful streamer-like blooms pop.

The North American witch-hazel species bloom in the fall, with their peak bloom in October or November. The Chinese and Japanese species begin blooming in winter and early spring (January to March). No matter which species or cultivar you plant, it will bring cheerful color to your space during the drearier time of year.

The name “witch-hazel” comes from the Middle English word for bendable, wiche. The branches of the plant were used for dowsing, also known as water witching. Whether or not you can find water using this plant, witch-hazel does have properties that seem downright magical.

The bark, twigs, and leaves can be used to create tinctures, teas, compresses, and distillates (what you buy in the store). Witch-hazel is used as an astringent and for its anti-inflammatory and mild antibacterial properties. Native Americans use witch-hazel as a medicinal herb for both internal and topical ailments. Although there are no readily known side effects to using witch-hazel, it is always best to consult a physician before using it as a medicine.

Learn more about witch-hazel’s medicinal uses and folklore from Chestnut School of Herbal Medicine.

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